"I was reading the dictionary. I thought
it was a poem about everything."
                     --Steven Wright

Tense বা কাল

In English Grammar Tense is used to refer to time of an action or event.

Tense is the concept of time which may be present, past or future.

কোন কাজ সম্পাদনের সময়কে tense বা কাল বলে। Tense দ্বারা সময়কে উল্লেখ করা হয় এবং যা বর্তমান, অতীত কিংবা ভবিষ্যত হতে পারে।

Example: - I eat rice. (present)
- I ate rice. (past)
- I will eat rice. (future)

এখানে উপরের বাক্য গুলোতে যথাক্রমে বর্তমান, অতীত ও ভবিষ্যৎ কাজের কথা নির্দেশ করে।

Types of Tense:

The concept of time (tense) can be differentiated into three categories.

  • The present / simple present tense. (what are you presently doing )
  • The past.(What you did some time back).
  • The future. (What you will do some time later).

And all of these tense are differentiated into the following four categories.

  • Indefinite Tense
  • Continuous Tense
  • Perfect Tense
  • Perfect Continuous Tense